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最后24小时学渣逆袭:四级写作高分秘诀

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最后24小时学渣逆袭:四级写作高分秘诀

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  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

9.Despite their similarities, A and B are also different。

  1. As an example of the power of love, we should remember how the Chinese people of all nationalities respond to the call to help the victims of natural disasters every year. Although their incomes are still low by international standards, people all over the country do not hesitate to donate whatever they can — be it money or goods—to help their needy fellow citizens. Moreover, they do this with no thought of gain for themselves。(01年)  

  例证是为了证明主题而存在的。当主题为理论性或概述的论点时,就需要通过举例或例证来加以支持,以说服听者,同时要注意逻辑严密。例如:In many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on TV or radio.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with nowadays is …

2.There are many factors that may account for…, but the following are the most typical ones。有许多因素可能占…,但以下是最典型的。

  • 2014中国教育APP测评报告发布 详细榜单
  • 业内声音:在线教育三五年内出现完整体系
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  总之,考研复试时,拿到题目后应立刻审题,积极思考,找好切人点,把讲话的框架打好腹稿,这样会使你的阐述更具逻辑性。展开的方法就是运用因果法、定义法、例证法等。另外注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神交流,紧紧地抓住对方的注意力。在复试前的关键时期,大家一定要多锻炼与人交流的能力。祝大家考研复试顺利,超常发挥,顺利进入自己心仪的学校!

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following conclusion…

______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way。

  (三)比较与对比法

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大高校陆续开始,很多过初试的考生已经开始了紧张的复试准备,让大家最为担心的是英语复试的备考。能不能取得最后的成功,英语复试是一个关键。

  因果:

10。完全同意……这种观点(陈述),主要理由如下:

  在前一篇的考研[微博]英语写作复习攻略二里提到了大作文引入段的写作方法,大家不断练习能够写出高水平的第一段,进而给阅卷老师留下深刻的印象。接下来进入第二段意义阐述段的攻略讲解。对于考研作文议论文来说,涉及的主题无非就是重要的或者有害的。

  常用关联词汇: what is..., to be defined as, the definition of ... is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in other words, namely等。

  The causes for …are as follows…

Why______? The first reason is that ______。The second reason is ______。The third is ______。For all this, the main cause of ______due to ______。

  2. A case in point is the successful launching of "Shenzhou 7 Spacecraft" which sets china in a high position of aviation and space flight. Although it means a great achievement for us Chinese, we are facing new challenges in the future and need to do further research in space technology. Another illustration is closely related to us, the examinees. If we pass this test and are fortunately admitted by a university, we shall not stop making efforts. Instead, we are confronted with the challenge of conquering the difficult graduate courses. We still have to strive for success in our future academic study, employment and career。(04年) 

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore, besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  2. 句型及常用表达结构:

1.Let‘s take…to illustrate this。

  2. A number of factors can account for the change in.。.

  定义法可以用来阐述“是什么”的问题,即用一段话来解释说明某个抽象的概念或具体事物的性质、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What is honesty? 我们可以用如下形式来展开论述:Honesty means telling the truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by other means are dishonest.

  …has something in common with…

But I don”t think it is a very good way to solve ____。For example,____。Worst of all,___。

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  自我介绍还可以提前背一背,可如果抽到一个随机的话题让我们展开叙说的话,就会有一定的难度。这里老师就给大家介绍几种展开话题的方法,希望大家能够运用上,使自己的言语表达更加的清晰流畅有逻辑。

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

6.It‘s generally recognized that… 它普遍认为…

  大家在论证方法上可以多种方法同时采用,比如上文例证法01年的爱心主题例子是在遇到自然灾害的时候,中国人民无私捐献财力物力;04年的例子是神舟七号卫星发射的成功既是机遇又是挑战,另一个例子是如果考上研究生对于大家既是机遇也是挑战。建议大家的一点是在例证法上,要多积累一些时事、时下励志人物等相关的例子,在考试之前准备好,可以找老师帮忙翻译好,在考试时可以信手拈来。各位考生,坚持就是胜利,预祝大家都能取得自己满意的成绩!

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from, lead to, so... as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in this way, thanks to等。

  …has little common with…

4.Generally, the advantages can be listed as follows。一般来说,这些优势可以列举如下。

  1.There are many causes/reasons for the dramatic growth/decrease. Firstly,...secondly,...finally,.。.

  二、定义法

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to, based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a consequence

4.Take … for example。

  (一)因果法

  一、因果法

  …also contribute to the reason why…

6.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that…通过数据我们得到的结论是,…

  (二)例证法

  因果法是用来解释“为什么”的问题。我们可以根据一个结果去推导其原因,要以事实和证据为根据,前后过程要合乎逻辑和常理。例如:“你为什么考研”?Why do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  举例:

7.The effect/consequence/result of eating too much is overweight。

  The difference between a man who succeeds and one who does not lies only in the way each treats opportunities. The successful person always make adequate preparations to meet... as they duly arrive. The unsuccessful person, on the other hand, works little and just waits to see them pass by. Obviously, the two different attitudes towards opportunities may lead to quite different consequences。

  来源:文都教育

  2. 句型及常用表达结构:

1。至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为……

  来源:文都教育

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  转折:

5.The same is true of…

  在这一段,第一句提出论点,论点要准确,即话题要趋同不要跑题;论点要清晰,即在首句中要有能够涵盖主题的关键词;论点要精彩,即语言要有亮点,比如采用一些复杂语法像非谓语动词、从句类、介词短语等。第二句可用虚拟语气强调论点,如正面话题,Were there no the Hope Project, those children would never receive the precious knowledge. 可提炼出这样的句式:Were there no sth., sb. would never do sth. 如负面话题,Were the situation to continue, we would pay high price. 第三句就论点展开论述,就如同中文中的论证方法有对比论证、举例论证、引用名言论证等等,下边介绍几种常用方法:

  三、例证法

  递进:

7.We may quote a common example of…8.Just think of…

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups, consist of

八、因果推理法常用句型

  The reason why …can be traced to…

6.For all that…对于这一切…… In spite of the fact that…尽管事实……

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

七、演绎法常用的句型

  We can compare …with …

5。随着社会的发展,……因此,迫切需要……如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自已的一份力量,这个社会将要变得越来越好。

  Just take …as an example。

2.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…因此,我们有理由相信…

  4. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is_____。

  1. 关联词语或重点词汇:

4.Therefore, in my opinion, it‘s more advisable…因此,在我看来,更可取的是…

  There are some similarities/differences between…

3.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

  (二)承

5.The reasons are as follows。

  以上这些词汇、短语和句型对于考生来说都是相当有用的写作素材,希望考生在考前好好复习一下,以便在考试中能够运用自如。

3。现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……;其次,……更为糟糕的是……

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …, thirdly,…

3.Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following ones may be most effective。有很多方法可以解决这个问题,但下面的可能是最有效的。

  thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently; as a result/consequence, in conclusion, in general, generally speaking, by and large, on the whole, in a word, to sum up, in short/brief, briefly speaking

3.We read the book; as a result / therefore / thus / hence / consequently / for this reason / because of this, we‘ve learned a lot。

  (四)合

三、结尾句型

  因果:

2.As is often the case…由于通常情况下…

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some argue that…, while others believe that…

8。然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,……也有它的不利的一面,象……

  (三)转

But ______and ______have their own advantages.For example, _____, while_____。Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to______。

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

9。综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论……

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be sufficient。

There is an old saying______。It“s the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today。

  分类:

I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______。

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless, unfortunately

10.Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the argument of both sides。在给出我的观点之前,我想有必要看看双方的论据。

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem。

7.There is a long-running debate as to whether…有一个长期运行的辩论,是否…

  对比:

9.As far as I am concerned, I completely agree with the former/ the latter。就我而言,我完全同意前者/后者。

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